The pelvic floor relate to a group of muscles that extend like a sling from the pubic bone to the tail bone (i.e. the floor of the pelvis). The pelvic floor muscles have 4 very important functions: support the pelvic organs; play a role in bladder and bowel control; required for normal sexual function; and help to stabilize the pelvis and spine.

Several factors can cause dysfunction within the normal workings of the pelvic floor including pregnancy, childbirth, constipation, menopause, ageing, gynaecological surgery, obesity, inactivity, pelvic pain/low back pain, and chronic coughing or lifting.

Pelvic floor dysfunction can present in different forms, such as:

  • Pelvic floor weakness
  • Pelvic floor overactivity (tight, tense and potentially painful muscles)
  • Prolapse- descent of the bladder, bowel or uterus into the vagina which results in a heaviness/dragging sensation or bulge/lump
  • Bladder and bowel incontinence (read more)
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Reduced vaginal sensation with intercourse
  • Pelvic floor injury during childbirth (read more)

Exercises designed specifically for the pelvic floor, education, lifestyle changes and a variety of other management strategies play an integral role in the reduction and resolution of pelvic floor dysfunction. La Femme Physiotherapy ensures that the management of your particular condition is individualised and based on current research.

Your physiotherapist at La Femme will teach you how to exercise your pelvic floor muscles correctly using a Real-time Ultrasound machine (RTUS). By placing a small probe on your lower abdomen, the RTUS machine allows you to actually see the pelvic floor muscles in action.